How to Open a Representative Office in Thailand

Foreign investors who wish to open a 100% foreign-owned business in the Kingdom of Thailand have the option to register a representative office in Thailand.  This is akin to establishing a non-trading legal vehicle with reference to a company’s main office located outside Thailand.

What is a Representative Office?

A representative office is a non-profit establishment as opposed to a commercial establishment.  As a non-trading legal vehicle, a Representative Office is tasked to support the undertakings of the main company and its subsidiaries overseas, or in this case, in Thailand.  In essence, a Representative Office cannot:

  • Issue receipts or invoices for services to third parties and sale of goods
  • Enter into a legal agreement with any third party

As a foreign business non-trading branch, a Representative Office is limited to the following services:

  • Controlling and inspecting quality of goods purchased in Thailand by the main headquarters overseas
  • Sourcing of services and goods in Thailand for the main headquarters.
  • Circulating information about the main office’s new services and products.
  • Gathering information and reporting on activities and development of local businesses
  • Providing advice relating to products sold to customers and distributors.

The permitted scope of activities of a Representative Office is quite restricted.  Aside from being constrained to take in purchase orders and sell, a Representative Office cannot enter into any kind of business negotiation with any juristic person or third person.  The restrictions are income-draining on the part of the main headquarters, as all expenditures of the Representative Office are shouldered by the main headquarters. This office is not subjected to pay corporate income tax based on the provisions of the revenue code. However, the interest of the remitted funds to the main office is taxed.  Lastly, the Office must prepare a financial statement from the Accounting Act.

Applying for a Representative Office

A foreign applicant opting to put up a Representative Office in Thailand is required to apply for a Foreign Business license.  The application process requires that all documents to be submitted must be duly notarized at the Notary Public prior to submission to the Commercial Registrar.  The requirements are:

  • An affidavit that includes the name of the company, address, business registration number, date of registration, registered jurisdiction of the company.
  • A complete list of the company’s directors, complete with their legal names, ages, nationalities, races, addresses, and their number of shares. Indication as to which directors have the influence to bind the company.
  • Authenticated copy of the company’s Articles of Incorporation
  • Authenticated copy of the company’s Articles of Association
  • Company report on its working capital, number of shares and its value, amount of paid up capital stock.
  • Complete list of the company’s shareholders and their number of shares
  • Documents that support the limitation or the extent of the Representative Office manager’s power of attorney in running the business

Additional duly notarized documents are required for the complete and quick processing of the application for a Representative Office.

  • Description of the company’s vision/mission in Thailand
  • Validation of the necessity of putting up the Representative Office in Thailand
  • Projection of the Representative Office’s impact on Thai society and economy
  • The company’s financial report in the last three years, translated to Thai
  • Complete list of employees, including their salaries
  • Three-year projected expenses of the Representative Office
  • Complete list of the office equipment and machinery.

The main headquarters must be committed to transfer a minimum of 5,000,000 Baht working capital into its Thailand Representative Office.  During the first year of operation, a minimum of 2,000,000 Baht must be remitted.  From then on, a minimum of 1,000,000 Baht is to be transferred to the Office in Thailand.

Particular types of Representative Office such as international business offices, foreign bank offices, security, finance, and credit finance officers, are required to obtain additional licenses or permits.

All applicants are required to fill the application form in print. It must be duly signed by the applicant or his designated appointee. If the power of attorney was executed outside Thailand, said power of attorney must be notarized in the said country, or by a legitimate official of the Royal Thai Embassy or Consulate in the said country. If the power of attorney was executed in Thailand, the non-resident applicant appointee must procure an authenticated photocopy of his passport, or temporary residence certificate.  If signatures were procured in another country, certification of such signatures must be provided.  If documentation is in a foreign language, correct Thai translation is required.  Lastly, all submitted documents must be certified correct by the applicant.

If the application for a Registration Office is in Bangkok, the form and documents are to be submitted at the Department of Business Development, Ministry of Commerce. In other provinces in Thailand, application form and documents are to be submitted to the Provincial Office of the Business Development.

Family Law Journal

Make arrangements for the disposition of the deceased’s remains, as well as any arrangements for funeral, memorial service, etc. Organisations and specialists featured on FLNA as VIP service providers have been hand picked and supply only the highest high quality service s. We pick firms for their higher high quality capabilities, service and the worth they present to clientele in their region of family law expertise. I am working with my father on his will, and I am his only kid, in a family members of 9 other half-siblings and a foster kid, who he has consented to give his name to. Dear Lynne, More than 1 year later, and I am nevertheless attempting to pass accounts at a Saskatchewan court. If you just want the lawyer to apply to the court for the probate, then the lawyer will only do that.

Maybe appear at her cheque book or credit card statement for 2007 to see if you can see an entry for paying a lawyer – that way you might locate the original will, or at the quite least a copy of it. Whatever your family law trouble is, Cumbria Family Law can help you resolve it. Our professional household solicitors in Cumbria offer specialist assistance and representation on all aspects of family law to assure that you get the greatest achievable outcome. This is unpleasant when the executor is a loved ones member, and of course it isn’t speedy or easy, but it can be helpful.

Lynne has been interviewed on BNN, CityTV, GlobalTV, CPAC, CBC Radio, VOCM Radio, the Wall Street Journal, the Globe and Mail, the Vancouver Province, the Toronto Star, the Edmonton Journal, the Montreal Gazette, Maclean’s Magazine, Canadian Lawyer Magazine, Lawyer’s Weekly Magazine, Advisors’ Edge Magazine, Cottage Magazine, Today’s Parent Magazine, Caregiver Options Magazine, and several web-sites such as AdvocateDaily.

Myself and my sister in law are executors.Though a pretty straight forward estate it did take some time to sort out since they died so close together. Practically nothing has been received and neither the Executor or the lawyer will advise us of what is taking place. The unhappy beneficiary consulted a lawyer in January, 2012, and then held up this estate three months. Make sure you uncover a lawyer with a lot of practical experience in estate function, as this is no job for a dabbler.

If the estate lawyer continues to stall can she be removed and what complications will arise if we do that. If there is no co-operation from the executor and you do not want to get in touch with the police, you can ask the court to remove the executor primarily based on this illegal behaviour. We have instructed the estate lawyer to go to court to get it accomplished but she postpones things a lot.

35 Ideal On line Law Schools For 2017

Texas A&M jumped 38 spots in the 2017 U.S. News and Planet Report law school rankings released Wednesday, marking the largest improvement among any graduate school in the state. A&M law dean Andrew P. Morriss in Fort Worth mentioned there are various explanations for its boost in the rankings: It hired further faculty members last year, reduced class sizes, lowered tuition and enhanced scholarships. LSU’s best-50 showings stick to its 12-spot jump to No. 82 in the most current U.S. News and World Report law school rankings. Professor Brian Leiter teaches at The University of Chicago Law School and his site delivers some of the most thoughtful analysis of trends in law school rankings.

As such, it is complicated for a newer law school to earn a high spot in the ranking (the youngest university in the top 10, University of Chicago , is a lot more than one hundred years old). This guide, which does not seek to rank or sort law schools by any criteria, as an alternative seeks to present the reader with a set of regular, essential information on which to judge law schools. Prestige aids run the legal business, he suggests, and so attending a extremely-ranked law school is usually regarded a superior option.

A&M’s boost requires it to 111th, cracking the list of major 60 public law schools for the first time. It is not best, but it provides a rough approximation of a law school’s selectivity making use of objective metrics. Espeland compares the law-college rankings with undergraduate college rankings, saying that when college rankings are broken up into distinct sorts of schools , and in the case of business schools there are numerous rankings to look at, for law schools, there is just a single ranking. I was surprised about how pervasive they were all through the law college hierarchy.

Elie Mystal, writer and editor at Above The Law, says that although the significance placed on rankings is typically far more than is merited, these rankings still play a huge aspect in the legal planet. The Above The Law top rated 50 Rankings do not take into consideration inputs like GPA and LSAT scores, and alternatively they focus on employment outcomes and student fees/debt.

For instance, one study addresses Supreme Court placement by school, and one more study measures which schools generate the most law professors. Even though no rankings technique is fantastic, we have produced the AdmissionsDean Selectivity Ranking which tries to capture how selective a school is when picking its students. The Texas Tribune is pleased to present the opportunity for you to share your observations about this story.

International Criminal Law

The Virginia Journal of Criminal Law (VJCL) is 1 of ten student-run publications of the University of Virginia College of Law. As a outcome, in 1998, the quantity of criminal prosecutions in federal courts increased by 15 %. Crime, by its quite nature, carries a lot of notoriety and ill-will, so it’s critical for a lawyer to keep absolute discretion when it comes to dealing with their customers. Many laws are enforced by threat of criminal punishment , and the range of the punishment varies with the jurisdiction. Some Commonwealth nations, having said that, notably India, have enacted criminal codes that are primarily based on the English common law of crimes.

Come eat lunch (~food supplied~) and join us for a panel recognizing Professor Darryl Brown’s lately-published book, Free of charge Market place Criminal Justice: How Democracy and Laissez Faire Undermine the Rule of Law. Criminal Clinic prevailed in habeas corpus action on behalf of prisoner by displaying that a 1996 parole eligibility law violates the ex post facto prohibition in the federal constitution. At Common Law , murder was the unlawful killing of a single human being by another with malice aforethought, or a predetermination to kill without legal justification or excuse.

If you or somebody you know has been arrested, you are going to want to speak to a criminal defense lawyer to make certain the case is handled appropriately. Second, the principle of legality directs that criminal statutes be interpreted strictly and that they not be applied by analogical extension. If a criminal statute is ambiguous in its which means or application, it is normally offered a narrow interpretation favourable to the accused. Ignorance of the law, on the other hand, is commonly held not to excuse the actor it is no defense that he was unaware that his conduct was forbidden by criminal law. This portion of the criminal statute refers to the action taken by the perpetrator.

A great deal of the activity in dealing with cases can involve: liaising with peers and judicial authorities from other jurisdictions taking care of extradition claims or dealing with the fallout of delinquency or criminal negligence. These attorneys are quite familiar with local criminal procedures and laws – some may have even very first worked as prosecutors.

Five objectives are extensively accepted for enforcement of the criminal law by punishments : retribution , deterrence , incapacitation , rehabilitation and restoration Jurisdictions differ on the value to be placed on each and every. In England there is no basic statute of limitations applicable to criminal actions, though statutes for particular crimes frequently have incorporated time limits. Some examples of felonies consist of murder, manslaughter, dealing drugs, rape, robbery, and arson.

A jury might be permitted to infer criminal intent from facts that would lead a reasonable individual to think that it existed. Findaw’s Criminal Law section has a wealth of information that covers most criminal law scenarios. Other panelists incorporate Professor Brandon Garrett (UVA Law), Joseph Kennedy (UNC Law), and Ronald Wright (Wake Forest Law).

Students Demand Harvard Law School Remove Controversial Seal

As 1 of the most selective law schools in the country, Harvard Law School searches for actually remarkable students to fill its halls. The committee can not and really should not presume to judge which feelings are valid and which are not,” they wrote, so they arrived at their decision in a reasoned and principled manner” that involved canvassing additional than 1,000 people—faculty, employees, students, and alumni—in the higher Law School neighborhood, but supplied no poll or vote. Which includes 1-quarter of all Supreme Court clerkships , 12 more than any other law school in the United States.

Students also have the chance to pursue up to six credits in qualifying courses at other faculties inside Harvard University, as nicely as at MIT and the Fletcher College of Law and Diplomacy. Harvard Law School has a student to full-time faculty ratio of 12:1, which is a great deal lower than typical compared to all law schools (14:1). For example, for a law firm of 1,000 attorneys, we would require 50 responses in order to publish ratings for the firm.

In compliance with ABA Typical 509 , HLS supplies information and facts about Harvard Law School and its JD System to current and potential students. US News focuses on high-quality determined by assessments from peers and lawyers/judges (40%), selectivity (25%), placement results (20%) and faculty resources (15%). Minow has served as dean given that 2008, well beyond the five-year tenure she had initially planned, mentioned law school spokesman Robb London. The faculty of Harvard Law School is 67% men, much larger than the typical across all law schools (59%).

Harvard is at the forefront of reorienting the education toward teaching additional sensible expertise although nonetheless maintaining the deep theoretical studying tradition and it has made great strides in the last couple of years. The Chief of Staff for University President Drew G. Faust stated Harvard Law School will not reserve spots for students from the country as compensation for a 19th century Harvard donor’s ownership of Antiguan slaves. In the college’s statement, Harvard President Drew Faust commended Minow for strengthening the law college and creating it far more inclusive. Due to data limitations, this score could involve paralegals and administrative staff.

Of the 589 graduating students from Harvard Law School, 17 (two.9%) are unemployed, although the average across all law schools is 14.1%. Of these unemployed, most are pursuing a graduate degree. The Royall Should Fall group said in a statement: This does not represent the final destination, but only an advance in the struggle for racial justice against white supremacy at Harvard Law. Lots of of the hotels close to Harvard Law School present views of the Boston skyline and Boston Harbor.

My preference would have been for Harvard to articulate standards that would be genuinely applicable to scenarios of this kind rather than to concentrate exclusively on this one particular problem,” stated Alan Dershowitz, professor emeritus at the Law College. But it wasn’t till final fall that current law students mounted a campaign to do away with the Royall household crest as the Law School’s official symbol, echoing recent protests difficult traditions and legacies at universities on both sides of the Atlantic. Graduates of Harvard Law School most usually obtain employment in positions exactly where bar passage is required. But I wouldn’t trade that plus three years at Yale for my practical experience at Harvard.