The law is made by parliament and is interpreted and defined by the courts. These tables covered all areas of the law emphasizing the procedure that was to be followed for many crimes. At times, the courts rule that a law is partly or wholly unconstitutional, which results in the repeal of the offending law. While common law does rely on some scattered statutes, which are legislative decisions, it is largely based on precedent, which means the judicial choices that have already been produced in comparable instances. The legal technique of the courts protects the rights of the accused and offers a framework for determining the truth of accusations. The Simple Law of Hong Kong guarantees the use and status of frequent law in Hong Kong.
These courts overview laws that have been passed by legislatures and challenge rulings that ascertain the laws’ effects on the way citizens live. Civil law was also adopted in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries by countries formerly possessing distinctive legal traditions, such as Russia and Japan, that sought to reform their legal systems in order to get financial and political energy comparable to that of Western European nation-states.